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Topic 4: Conservation and Biodiversity

4.1 Biodiversity in Ecosystems
4.1.1 Define the terms: biodiversity, genetic diversity, species diversity, and habitat diversity.

National Geographic: Types of Biodiversity
WWF: What is Biodiversity?
4.1.1 Biodiversity PPT
NWF Why is Diversity Important?
4.1.2 Outline the mechanism of natural selection as a possible driving force for speciation.
4.1.3 State that isolation can lead to differ3ent species being produced that are unable to interbreed to yield fertile offspring.

4.1.2 Natural Selection PPT
Natural Selection Virtual Lab - Gene frequency
pHet Natural Selection Simulation

Berkeley Evolution 101
Pepper Moth Simulation
Discovery Channel Video on the Theory of Evolution
Speciation Video
Recent News Articles on Speciation
Natural Selection Crash Course Video
Speciation Crash Course Video
4.1.4 Explain how plate activity has influenced evolution and biodiversity.

PPT: Plate Tectonics & Speciation
PBS Plate Tectonics
The Geological Society: Plate Tectonics
pHet Simulation: Plate Tectonics
4.1.5 Explain the relationship among ecosystem stability, diversity, succession, and habitat.

Ecologic Succession PPT
Primary & Secondary Succession
Krakatau Case Study
Life Returns to Mt. St. Helens
Succession Video
4.2 Evaluating Biodiversity and Vulerability
4.2.1 Identify factors that lead to loss of biodiversity

PPT: 4.2 Evaluating Biodiversity
Bill Nye: Biodiversity
NWF Biodiversity
Loss of Biodiversity PPT
The Habitable Planet: Biodiversity Decline Video
4.2.2 Discuss the perceived vulnerability of tropical rainforests and their relative value in contributing to biodiversity.

IMAX: Tropical Rainforests
Rainforest Alliance
Adaptations of Tropical Plants
BBC: Saving the Amazon
Conservation of Rainforest Site
4.2.3 Discuss current estimates of numbers of species and past and present rates of species extinction.

NOVA: Mass Extinctions
Why do Mass Extictions Happen?
Mass Extiction Interactive Timeline
NEWS: Are we in the 6th Mass Extinction?
Video: 6th Mass Extinction
See Class Google Doc
4.2.4 Describe and explain the factors that may make species more or less prone to extinction.

Endangered Species Handbook
Worlds 100 Most Threatened Species
1300 Bird Species Threatened Extinction
How Many Species on Earth Today?
4.2.5 Outline the factors used to determine a species' Red List conservation status.

Red List Website
Red List Criteria pdf
4.2.6 Describe the case histories of three different species: one that has become extinct, another that is critically endangered, and a third species whose conservation status has been improved by intervention.

4.2.7 Describe the case history of a natural area of biological significance that is threatened by human activities.

Critical Hotspots around the world
Hotspot: Madagascar
4.3 Conservation of Biodiversity
4.3.1 State the arguements for preserving species and habitats.

Save our Planet
Wildlife Conservation Society
Australia May Have to "Tirage"" Unique Species
The Nature Conservancy
4.3.2 Compare and contrast the role and activities of intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations in preserving and restoring ecosystems and biodiversity.
4.3.7 Discuss and evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the species-based approach to conservation.

PPT: 4.3 Conservation & Biodiversity
See Class Google Doc for Summary Table
Kyoto Protocol
Video: How Whales Change Climate
4.3.3 State and explain the criteria used to design protected areas.
4.3.4 Evaluate the success of a named protected area.

PPT: 4.3 Species & Habitat Conservation
Wikipedia: List of Largest Protected Areas in the World
Sundarban Bioshere Reserve
Yellowstone National Park
Serengeti National Park
Komodo National Park
Case Study: Galapagos Marine Reserve
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge
Brazil's Largest Rainforest Reserve